Calibrating the Sensor for Target Strength Value

For V3 version of the sensor, you need to calibrate the sensor to offset the variability of the sensor transducer and of sound transmission. The aim is to have all sensors displaying the same target strength value (echogram color) for a given target.

Setting Up the Installation

Before you begin

  • Make sure you have correctly configured the sensor settings, especially the noise floor level, TVG mode, ping length and ping frequency.
  • You can calibrate the sensor with or without the housing on.
  • You need a cable extension to immerse the sensor and connect it to Mosa2 with the Configuration Cable.
Important: If you change the pulse length or frequency on a calibrated sensor, you need to calibrate it again.


  1. Set up the following installation. See .
    • Water needs to be still.
    • Use a very thin fishing line (0.1mm thick) to hold the ping pong ball.
    1. Sensor, half in water

    2. Water tank

    3. Ping pong ball

    4. Fishing line

    5. Counterweight

    Recommended lengths

    A. Min. 150 cm.

    B. Distance to target = 50 cm.

    C. Min. 75 cm between ball and side walls.

  2. Before putting the sensor in water:
    1. Activate and deactivate the water-switch to connect the sensor to Mosa2 via a wireless signal.

Calibrating the Sensor in Mosa2

Before you begin

The calibration settings that you need to change are different depending on the sounding mode of the sensor:
  • Down 1: go to Ping Down Calibration.
  • Down 1 + Up: go to Ping Down Calibration, then repeat the operation in Ping Up Calibration.
  • Down 1 + Down 2:
    • Start to calibrate the Down 2 signal: go to Ping Down Calibration and start the calibration.
    • Once the calibration is done, manually enter the Target Strength Offset that you got in Ping Down Calibration in the Ping Up Calibration settings.
    • To calibrate the Down 1 sounding, come back to Ping Down Calibration, then repeat the calibration.


  1. From Mosa2, click Menu > Expert and enter the password copernic.
  2. Go to the tab Trawl Explorer.
  3. Go to the sounding you want to calibrate.
  4. Check that the target strength is the one applicable to your target. In this example, it is -39 dB (target strength value of a ping pong ball of 39 mm diameter).
  5. Check that the pitch and roll of the sensor is between - 5° and 5° to be sure that the beam direction of the sensor is vertical down:
    1. Click the tab Pitch and Roll.
    2. From Accelerometer Test, click Apply.
  6. From the bottom of the screen, click Send ping to send one ping that will identify the distance to the target.
    Note: The distance displayed in Max TS level is 15 to 35 cm more than the actual distance, depending on the ping length (here it is 25 cm for a ping length of 0.4 ms).
    A curve is displayed. The red horizontal line indicates the target strength and the red vertical line indicates the distance. They must cross at the top of the first curve, corresponding to the ping pong ball. If not, click the vertical line and drag it to the top of the curve. Press up and down arrows on your keyboard to move it with more precision.
    1. Ping pong ball / 2. Side lobes (tank walls) /3. Bottom
  7. From the bottom of the screen, click Calibrate.
    Note: If the sensor is not correctly placed, you may have an error message asking you to correct the pitch and/or roll angle.
    The sensor sends a series of 5 pings to calculate if the echo is consistent and constant. A new target strength offset is calculated.
  8. Accept the new calibration settings suggested in the dialog box. The target strength offset is auto-populated.
    The sensor sends 1 ping to check if the calibration settings are correct in comparison to the target strength set (e.g. -39 dB). If they are correct, calibration settings are saved.
    If calibration settings are not correct, check:
    • the pitch and roll
    • the installation in the water tank
    Then restart the calibration procedure.

  9. Click Apply to save the offset.
  10. Click Send ping to check the target strength of the ball.
  11. Click Echogram to check that you see an echo on the echogram image.
  12. Click Reset to come back to the last saved configuration and check that the offset has been saved.